European Crane Fly In Your Lawn

A relatively new, pest has found its way to North America, and has now found a home in the mid-west.  Both species of European Crane Fly (T. Paludosa) and (T. Olecera) were detected in Michigan in 2005.  The larvae is called a leather jacket and can be problematic in any turf.  The larvae are dependent upon moist soil conditions, mild winter sand wet cool summers to survive.  They are favored in areas of the lawn that have heavy thatch build up and poor drainage.  The difference between the two species, T. paludosa has a one year life cycle and T. Oleracea has a two year life cycle.

What will I see?

You will see yellow spots on the grass blades, bare patches, and direct injury to the lawn.  The injury is because of the disruption of the root zone, caused by the leather jackets, the adults feed on the crown and grass blades.  Most damage occurs from early to late spring and again in early to late fall.

How did European Crane Fly end up in my yard?

Both species of Crane Fly originated from Europe, and were first detected in North America {Canada}, several years ago, and now have migrated to the United States and have now found a home in Michigan.

How can I control the problem?

The best method of treating European Crane Fly is with a dual insecticide that treats both surface and sub-surface insects.  The European Crane fly’s life cycle is similar to that of a grub, this is why a dual insecticide is necessary, to control both the surface feeding adults, and the root feeding larvae; two treatments a year (one in spring and again in the fall), for 2 years is needed to control this exotic pest.

Note:

It is difficult to distinguish between the two species of European Crane Fly, and our own species of crane fly indigenous to North America. This is why a two year treatment plan is recommended, so that both the one year and two year cycles of each species are controlled.

Call if you think you might have them in your lawn.

Organic Gardening Tips You Can Try Out Today

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When you actually take the time to break down gardening, it is actually an intricate and complex hobby. Once you have decided to garden organically, you need to learn about your soil’s pH balance, as well as things like natural pesticides. If you are inexperienced with gardening, making the switch to organic methods may be a challenge for you. Be successful by using the following tips.

To prevent shocking your plants, you must gradually introduce new temperatures and other conditions to them. At first, only leave them outside for a brief period of time. Over a period of several days, slowly increase the time they are allowed to stay outside. The plants should be prepared to move outside permanently at the end of this week.

If you see mildew that is powdery, stay away from expensive chemicals to treat it. Plain water with a bit of liquid soap and baking soda will do the trick. Spray the mixture on the plants once every seven days or so until you no longer see the mildew. Baking soda treats the mildew effectively and gently and it won’t damage your plants.

For the right results, get the right type of soil. Fertilizer can enrich the soil to make it more viable. You may also cultivate an artificial area comprised of just one type of soil.

Plants need CO2 grow well. When exposed to high levels of CO2, most types of plants will grow better. Greenhouses provide the best levels of CO2 for plants. To achieve optimal growing conditions, keep the levels of carbon dioxide high in your plants’ environment.

Try and maintain daily aerated and dried plants. Parasites and pests are attracted to excess moisture on the plants. Fungi are a very common and irritating pest in the world of gardening. It is possible to control fungi with sprays, but the key is to treat your garden before any problems arise.

There are several all-natural ways to keep pests out of your garden, including certain plants. Onions and marigolds can help to deter slugs. Using wood ash as mulch around the base of trees and shrub seedlings will also help keep away insect pests. By utilizing these methods, you will not have to apply chemical pesticides on your vegetation.

You should think about planting evergreens that yield berries in your garden. This will keep your garden colorful, even during those months when other plants are not growing. These plants can help you get some color during the winter months: Winterberry, Common Snowberry, American Holly, and American Cranberrybush.

Keep your garden free from broad-spectrum pesticides. These strong pesticides are non-selective, killing beneficial insects as well as pests. Many times good bugs will be more sensitive to harmful pesticides than the ones you are trying to get rid of. If your good bug population goes down, your problem will only get worse. This will cause a cycle to start where you will need to keep increasing the amount of pesticide you are using.

Now, you shouldn’t get your hopes up and believe that a few tips are going to turn you into an instant professional gardener. However, these tips are a great starting point if you do plan to grow organically. As you implement these tips and hone your skills, you’ll be a professional green-thumb-holder in no time.

How To Have A Healthy And Happy Garden

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When fruits and vegetables are organic, they taste great and are more rich in nutrients than the standard produce you’ll find at your grocery store. Why not save your money and grown your own veggies? Read the following article to find out more about organic gardening.

Keep your plants thriving through the winter by bringing them inside. This is especially useful if you have a particular plant that you love or was expensive. Carefully dig around the rootball and replant in an appropriate pot.

Instead of leaving clumps of irises intact, divide them so that your flowers can grow in a more healthy manner. If you split up clumps of them, you will eventually have more of this flower. When foliage is dead, lift bulbous irises. The bulbs should split up normally in the hand, and should flower when replanted for the next year. You should split up rhizomes by utilizing a blade. Cut new pieces from the outside and discard the old center. At the least, each piece will need to have one strong offshoot. Plant immediately.

An easy, inexpensive way to give them nutrients is to pour the leftover water from your steamed vegetables into the soil. Try adding used coffee grounds to the soil around plants that grow in acidic soil. Chamomile tea can be an effective treatment against fungus attacking plants.

Irrigate your garden efficiently. Take advantage of a soaker hose so that you don’t need to water every single plant individually, or have to keep filling up your watering can. To protect your plants, keep the flow on the soaker down. This allows you to leave the hose running as you go about your business.

Plant strawberries for your children. Children enjoy picking fresh fruit, especially if they can eat it right away.

If you are gardening with a cut, make sure that you adequately protect it from dirt and chemicals. The dirt and grime you come into contact with while gardening can cause even a small cut to become seriously infected. Bandage all cuts completely, using bandages that cover and seal cuts.

Keep the temperature in your home between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, if you are keeping or growing any kind of plant in your house. In order to encourage proper growth, they will need that warmth. If you don’t like keeping your home that temperature in the winter, you may wish to consider getting a heat lamp, instead, to keep your organic plants the correct temperature.

If you want to start a small organic garden indoors, evaluate the amount of natural light that is present. If the garden will receive little sunlight, find plants that can grow in medium or low-light environments. If you simply must have a plant that has higher requirements for sunlight, you can use indoor UV lamps.

Do not rush when planting seeds. Start first by moisturizing your soil. Then you want to spread your seeds evenly while making sure that they have enough room to grow. Typically, seeds should be planted at a depth that is equal to three times their size. Some seeds should not be buried at all as they need light to grow.

You no longer need to buy inferior produce. Use what you learn from this article in order to grow your own vegetables and fruits.

Ideas To Try In Your Organic Garden

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If you dream of having green, beautiful, and healthy plants in your very own garden, there are lots of things you should probably think about in order to achieve that goal. The hard work involved in gardening is usually offset by the fun and enjoyment it can offer. This advice will assist with increasing the fun and decreasing the work.

Pay attention to how you lay sod. Before laying the sod, have your soil prepared. Get rid of weeds and tilth the soil finely. When the soil is clean, pack it tightly and create a flat surface. Thoroughly moisten the soil. The optimum layout of sod rows is to stagger them with offset joints. Press the sod down firmly so that the surface is flat and even. If there are gaps remaining, fill them with a bit of soil. According to your climate, you will likely need to water the new sod daily over a period of a couple of weeks. This will insure proper root formation and establishment.

Select plant varieties capable of producing large yields. It is quite common to find that hybrids, which are often able to resist disease and withstand cold climates, produce yields much larger than their conventional counterparts.

You need to consider beginning the plants into pots. Then, you can plant the seedlings into your garden. Your plants will have a better chance of getting big and healthy! This will also allow you to stick to a tighter, cleaner planting schedule. Your next crop of seedlings will be started and ready to be planted immediately after you remove your last crop from the garden.

Healthy soil will be your best defense against the pests that can invade your garden. Healthy soil leads to healthy plants with more strength to deflect those insects and various diseases. Starting with soil that is in good condition can yield the best plants.

Plant a variety of annuals, biennials and perennials to keep your flower beds bright. You can use biennial and annual flowers to brighten the bed, and let you change how it looks. They can make a handy, gap-filler between shrubs and perennials located in sunny areas. There are plenty of varieties including petunia, marigold, cosmos, sunflower, hollyhock, and rudbeckia.

You may be able to re-pot some plants to bring indoors for the winter. Choose the plants that are most likely to survive. Dig the plant up without damaging the roots and place it a big enough pot.

Pre-soak seeds overnight in a dark place. Take 3-4 seeds, put them in a small jar or container, and cover them with water. The seeds will get the hydration they need to start growing. The seeds will most likely have a greater chance of maturing and surviving.

With these tips, you’re better equipped to grow the most beautiful garden you can imagine. In learning how to create your dream garden, you’ll also be growing as a person. That’s because learning how to nurture your plants will not only help you reach the goal of having a great garden, but it will help you learn to nurture yourself.